Dissertation Literature Review Format: Synthesis and Analysis

November 6th, 2012

Writing a literature review is an indispensible element of any academic work larger than an essay for a couple of pages. The main principle of writing the dissertation literature review is thus to involve the reader in the body of research dedicated to the dissertation topic. The main task of the writer of a literature review in a dissertation is to provide the sufficient basis for further ideas and conclusions aimed at being produced in the dissertation. The majority of supervisors mentoring the dissertation writing process emphasize the fact that the review should be devoid of any personal opinion or judgment. However, it is mostly hard for the writer to compose a piece of literary analysis without underlying the significance of those findings for the larger context of the academic work. Hence, the present article will teach students the balance in the literature review in a dissertation.
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APA Formatting: APA Style Niceties as Your Secret Weapon

September 19th, 2012

If you are too busy to dig through the multi-volume APA citation style manuals, you are not alone. The multiple guides from the American Psychological Association are the worst time killers ever (it’s true Facebook, no offense please).
Still, are you ready to read the great news? Well, here it is: with this easy to understand guide you will be able to format your APA papers quickly and with ease.

APA formatting of a title page

The first step to making your APA papers just perfect is formatting their title page. These are the main steps to take:

  • Select 1 inch margins on all sides.
  • In a left-aligned header, type the words “running head” and a short title of your paper. Use capital letters for all words in this title. E.g. Running head: EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.
  • Use an Arabic figure to show the page number in the upper right corner of the page.
  • Include the full title of your paper, your name and your course in the center of your title page.

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What Is a Cover Letter? A Vital Document Attached to Resumes

July 27th, 2012

A cover letter is a vital part of your application message. It is the first thing your potential employers will see. If they do not like it, HR managers won’t bother to actually read your resume. So, let’s look at the information below to learn what a cover letter is and how to make it perfect to prevent fatal errors during job search.

What is a cover letter and why to write it?

A cover letter is a message attached to resumes and curriculum vitae (CVs) by job seekers. The main reasons for writing a cover letter are:

  • To introduce yourself.
  • To inform your reader why you are writing (what position you are applying for). Do not make your readers guess your reason for writing.
  • To briefly discuss your main strengths (competencies, skills and experience).
  • To show that you have done your homework (you know the main facts about the industry and company).
  • To invite the employer to read your resume and contact you.

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History Thesis Must Avoid Ideological Landmines: Choose Wisely

June 21st, 2012

A history thesis is rather intimidating to many students. Apart from capping off a degree program, history theses showcase everything you have learned in previous coursework. As an added complication, studying History in the 21st century is almost invariably an ideological exercise, and often painfully political, rather than being the serene retrieval and organization of facts about the past. Your choice of thesis will be shaped by past courses, but you still have flexibility to select an approach or a specific topic that compels your interest and also avoids conflict. This is less exhausting and stultifying.

How does your department study history?

In light of inevitable ideological landmines, it is crucial to identify and understand your department’s special emphasis. You want to either follow this same emphasis, or prepareto defend your alternate choice. Every department has one. If you are not sure, ask yourself, how do most of the professors, or the most powerful professors, in the department study history? They could, for example, be examining history at the level of, for example:

  • the individual,
  • the culture,
  • or the nation-state.

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Business Term Paper Topics for Undergraduate Business Students

May 29th, 2012

Writing a business term paper will help you discover better insights about the different areas of business management. Students find that a business-related term paper will help them understand the diverse and complex world of business. When asked to write business term papers, your professor will give you a specific topic to write about in some cases. But most of the time, professors usually give their students the better leeway to decide on the main topic of their term papers about business. In this case, you need to develop your own ideas for your business term paper. You need to start with a fresh approach in search for a topic for a term paper about business that would have more essence in the business industry. You may find broad topics to write for your business course but you can narrow down your options with these suggested main topics and sub-topics to write for interesting business term papers:

1. Theories in Business Management

  • Classical and scientific approach to business management
  • Behavioral and human approach to business management
  • Systems or contingency approach to business management
  • Political or collaborative theories in business management
  • Modern management theories

2. Business Management Styles

  • Autocratic business management style
  • Democratic business management style
  • Laissez-faire business management style
  • Collegial business management style

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Finance Term Paper Topics You Can Pick From To Get You Started

April 24th, 2012

finance-term-paperFinance term paper topics ranges from simple to more advanced topics, depending on the level of study a student is pursuing. There are also general finance topics that can be handled by anyone with background knowledge in business and finance. If you have difficulties finding appropriate topic for your paper, this article will be of much help, as it present you with variety of topics across the field of finance.

Basic topics for Finance term papers

These are basically the concepts and definitions used in Finance studies. Understanding of these topics, concepts and definitions is very important. They are meant to prepare students for the more advanced level term papers in Finance. These topics include:

  1. Definitions of the term Finance
  2. Basic concepts in Finance
  3. History of Finance
  4. The Nature of Finance
  5. Branches of Finance etc.

General Finance term paper topics

These topics can further be broken down into many other subtopics in Finance studies. You can base your term papers on either the general topics or subtopics drawn from the general topics, the choice is absolutely your. These include:

  • Topic in Public Finance
  • Topic in Project Finance
  • Topic in International Finance
  • Topic in Real Estate Finance
  • Topic in Personal Finance
  • Topic in Trade Finance
  • Finance Regulations
  • Finance Management
  • Topic in Banking Finance
  • Corporate Finance Financial Ethics
  • Finance and Capitalism
  • Finance and Economy
  • Finance and Politics
  • Finance and Society
  • Accounting Finance
  • Topic in Finance Insurance etc.

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Research Paper Introduction: Best Solutions to Get It Started

April 5th, 2012

research-paper-introductionResearch paper introduction is a crucial component of any research project. This relatively small part that takes up to 10% of your entire project gives a reader the first impression of you and your paper. It can either save or doom your grade. Do not assume that saying something remotely related to your topic is okay for your research paper introduction. Instead, check these effective solutions to get your research papers started.

Research paper introduction: your goals

The introduction for a research paper is like the trailer for a movie. It grabs readers’ attention, presents the topic, lists the research questions, but never gives the answers to them. The introduction should not be confused with the abstract, which includes both questions and answers. In general, your main goals in writing the introduction for a research paper are:

  • grab readers’ attention and show why they should continue reading your paper;
  • provide broader context for your study;
  • briefly outline what and how you are going to investigate;
  • formulate your goals and the questions you are going to address.

Research paper introduction: main components

As you now understand the main goals of research paper introductions, you may still wonder how to start a research paper. Here are the main components that will allow you to write a winning introduction for a research paper:

  1. Background and broader context for your research problem (do not go too far with it). In this section of your research paper introduction, you might want to use keywords from the title of your paper.
  2. A brief literature review, focusing on the explanation of the current understanding of the issue offered by other scholars (with citations). Do not include too many sources (3-5 should be enough).
  3. Significance of the study (why this problem is topical and important).
  4. A brief discussion of your research design and methods and why you chose them.
  5. Research questions or hypotheses. A research question takes the form of an interrogative sentence and ends up with a question mark. A hypothesis takes the form of a declarative sentence and ends up with a period. You may include either research questions or hypotheses in your introduction. Both variants are correct.
  6. A thesis statement briefly and concisely explaining what readers can expect from your project.

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How to Start a College Essay: Quick Guide to Perfect Writing

April 3rd, 2012

how-to-start-a-college-essayDo you have difficulties with beginning your college essays? Are you sitting for several hours with your computer screen blank and not knowing where to start? Stop torturing yourself and look through this quick guide on how to start a college essay. These effective steps will help you overcome the writer’s block and make your essays flawless and just perfect.

How to start a college essay: your main goals

The opening paragraph plays a crucial role in all college essays. When you want to begin college essays, your main goals are:

  • attract your readers’ attention;
  • introduce the readers to the main ideas you are going to present;
  • provide a thesis statement (a concise summary of your essay in just one sentence).

Remember that all readers judge too quickly. A poor introductory paragraph will spoil the readers’ impression of the entire paper. For this reason, you should put your heart and soul into the introduction part to ensure the success of your essays.

How to start a college essay: best steps

Now you perhaps wonder how to begin college essays. It is a good question to ask. Here are the best steps that can become the perfect start to a perfect paper:

  1. Check the guidelines provided by instructors. Never start writing a college essay before you fully understand the task and requirements.
  2. Choose a good topic for your paper. Make it narrow and manageable. If you need to write an admission essay, you should choose story lines, personal experiences, qualities or motivations you are going to discuss.
  3. Collect the necessary materials. Review the relevant literature if necessary.
  4. Brainstorm the chosen topic. Develop as many ideas as you can and write them down. Do not think about the quality of these ideas now. Think about their quality later.
  5. Plan your essay. Create a detailed outline. Include a thesis statement as part of your outline.
  6. Now you are welcome to extend your outline and write a high quality essay.

How to start a college essay: truly good ideas

Even after taking the above-mentioned steps, you may have problems with writing the first few sentences of your introductory paragraphs. Here are some good ideas for you:
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Writing a Reaction Paper: Fascinating Ways to Express Your Ideas

March 28th, 2012

The time to express your own opinion has come!
That’s what writing a reaction paper is all about. Relax, enjoy the event or artwork, and get ready to offer your idea of what you’ve just seen!

Writing a Reaction Paper: Remember All the Crucial Constituents!

Pick three words to describe analytical paper writing?
Boring, tedious, uninspiring.
Now pick three words to describe reaction paper writing!
Splendid, fantastic, engaging, fruitful, enticing, thrilling… Whoa, hold it! There’s definitely that certain something about this kind of writing…
Now let’s see what this paper is made of!
Let’s take a close look at these elements:

    The Summary

    • Who/what are you writing about?
    • What is the main theme?
    • What are the main facts?

    The Analysis

    • What is your opinion about the issue?
    • What are your key arguments?
    • What is the conflict?
    • What are the probable solutions?

    The Reaction

    • How do you feel about the issue in question?
    • Do you think that the author is right?
    • What ideas would you like to share?

Well, that was great, and how about tips and how-tos?
Hold on a second – that’s going to be a bit different from what online surfers call a “how to an essay” and “how to a research paper” guides. Let’s dive right into it!

Writing a Reaction Paper and Other Works: Important Differences.

Here’s a clue for you: check this table! It’ll definitely help you understand everything about writing an essay, what to write in a report, what a research paper is, how to write a paper of any other sort. What’s more, you’ll understand the difference between reaction paper writing and other genres!
Type of Assignment

How an essay is made How research paper is made How a report is made How a reaction paper is made
  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Analysis/ Description;
  • Conclusion.
  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Facts and hypotheses;
  • Analysis;
  • Results;
  • Conclusion.
  • Introduction;
  • Summary;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Key facts;
  • Main results;
  • Comments;
  • Conclusion.
  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Key facts;
  • Impressions;
  • Ideas;
  • Conclusion.
Usually has a 5-paragraph structure. Demands conducting original research and getting unique results.Does not require a personal opinion. Includes the writer’s impressions about something.
… can have a specific purpose (description, comparison, analysis, etc.). … is based on a solid theoretical foundation. … provides the summary of certain events/ results. … involves your personal impressions about a certain issue.

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Education in Africa: Problems, Solutions, Statistics: Read Now!

March 20th, 2012

education-in-AfricaGet ready for a travel to the exotic world! This time, you’re heading straight to Africa!
“Writing about education in Africa? No way, that’s hard and boring!” some might say. It’s time to bust this myth: “Writing about the place of Africa in education system of the world is fun!” experts in writing will say. And here’s some solid proof for that!
“What is education, then?” you will ask.
“Education is the process of acquiring knowledge.” And, now that you know everything you need, let’s start. Ready, steady… Go!

Education in Africa: Everything That You’ve Ever Wanted to Know.

Now let’s dive right into the African oasis and learn what’s going on in African schools right now.
 Whenever you search for “education in Africa statistics” online, remember these hints:
Education in Africa Today

Type of education What’s up: However…
  • Solid improvements are being observed;
  • Development is boosted;
  • Children learn essential subjects.
  • Girls still don’t have many chances to be educated;
  • Schools lack numerous facilities.
Developed thanks to political and cultural innovations;
Suggestions for educational games
  • Students’ rates increased from 40% to 60,6%;
  • Students get professional skills;
  • Students train their new skills and learn how to apply them.
  • Still needs great improvement;
  • Needs much financing;
  • Needs more professional teachers.
Blade Nzimande (Training Minister) promises to boost further education progress.
  • Scholars can study for up to doctorate degrees and then pursue further careers in research or industry;
  • Scholars can conduct research on a larger scale.
  • Most of the required equipment for adult education is still missing;
  • There’s very little coordination with Europe and the international community.
Association of African Universities bridges Europe, USA and Africa.

That’s how it goes – split the search term “education in Africa facts” in pieces and arrange them to get a perfect paper on Africa and education in Africa!

Education in Africa: Topical Problems and Concerns to Research.

Now that you’re done learning about recent improvements, let’s see what keeps the education in Africa in general and education in South Africa in particular in the rear. Mention these issues in your paper!
Actually, education issues in Africa remind a lot the famous nursery rhyme, This Is the House That Jack Built. Check this diagram:
To put it simpler:
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