Content Analysis: A Quick Guide to Powerful Methodology

March 14th, 2012

content-analysisThe words ‘content analysis’ sound as frightening as music in horror films. However, looking through this quick guide to the content analysis method, you will be armed to the teeth. The words ‘content analysis’ will become clear and familiar and will not make you shiver anymore.

Content Analysis Definition

What is content analysis? Content analysis is a method of studying communication and finding the tools used by the authors to convey their messages to the audience. You can analyze all sorts of communication, including not only written texts, but also artworks, TV and radio records, oral communication, websites, advertisements.
Note: You should not confuse content analysis with summary or review. Content analysis does not mean retelling or reinterpreting something. It means separating important parts of the content and explaining how they work together. In other words, it does not mean taking photos, it means taking to pieces.

Content Analysis: Proven Formula

The proven formula of content analysis consists of the following elements: WHO says WHAT to WHOM? WHY? HOW? To WHAT EFFECTS? To answer these questions, you should look for evidence in the communication you analyze. Certain words, phrases, constructions, contours, shapes, symbols and other elements can be used as evidence.
Note: Applying content analysis to Shakespeare’s works, some scholars argue that it was not William Shakespeare who wrote Romeo and Juliet and other masterpieces traditionally attributed to him. So, finding certain words and constructions in these tragedies, scholars make assumptions as to WHO says WHAT.
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Short Story Prompts and Guidelines from Professionals in Writing

March 6th, 2012

short-story-promptsShort Story Prompts Collection: Some Professional Assistance.
Need help with short story writing? Welcome to the place where you’ll get expert help! There are only a few steps in writing a short story, which you’ll have to take. Here are the most important writing ideas:

  • Choose the theme of your story to write on;
  • Create the setting for your writing;
  • Develop a three-dimensional character;
  • Place your character in an appropriate time context.

See? That was really simple. And now let’s deal with story writing a bit more in detail.
Short Story Prompts Suggestion: the Most Comprehensive List Ever
Well, if you are up to some creativity, take a look at these prompts for a short story!
Short story prompts for kids:

  1. Pick a character that you want to write about;
  2. Think of the most fantastic adventure you’d like to send your character on;
  3. Describe the place where the character travels to/stays in;
  4. Tell whom the character met on his/her way;
  5. Say what the character did or did not do;
  6. Say why the character did this or that and describe his/her feelings;
  7. Quote what your character said;
  8. Tell the readers what your character thought about;
  9. Explain what your character learned at the end of the trip;
  10. Give a hint to the readers about what might happen further on.

With these writing prompts, you can be sure you’ll get to the top!
Short story prompts for middle school writing:

  • Avoid the standard five-paragraph structure;
  • Include dialogues in your paper to make it more lively;
  • Introduce no more than three characters in your short story;
  • Try avoiding widespread standards;
  • Create an unclichéd world of your own – do not follow overused patterns;
  • Use hints instead of boring moralizing sessions – treat your readers as wise people;
  • Use specific language to add to the atmosphere of your story;
  • Make the reader interested in your story;
  • Use details to add to the specific air of your “virtual reality.”

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Process Essay Topics: On a Quest for Fresh and Clever Ideas

February 28th, 2012

topics-for-process-essayA good process essay has to describe how a certain task should be done, step by step. This type of paper is not particularly difficult if you have chosen an interesting question that is more or less familiar to you. People who are looking for great process essay topics should definitely read this article.
Process Essay Topics: Coping with Challenging Tasks
If you want to write a good process essay, you can choose an interesting or challenging task and explain how one can do it. You may take a look at some of these questions and prompts:

  1. How can a person quit smoking?
  2. How to train a dog.
  3. Explain how artificial respiration should be done.
  4. How to solve quadratic equations.
  5. How to use Boolean operators.
  6. How to cook a great pizza.
  7. How to wash a horse without risking one’s health.
  8. How can one babysit a child without having a nervous breakdown?
  9. Explain how an HTML page can be created.
  10. How to overcome anxiety during tests or exams.
  11. How to write a great resume.
  12. How to produce a good impression during a job interview?
  13. How to create a pie diagram.
  14. How to open a bottle of champagne without injuring someone else.

Process Essay Topics: How Technologies Work
People who struggle to find a good process essay topic can describe how a certain technology or device works. Such questions are quite interesting, but you should make sure that your paper is not overly complicated. Here are some examples of good topics:

  1. Explain how a digital camera operates.
  2. Describe how a touch screen works.
  3. How does a bicycle work?
  4. How does a computer mouse operate?
  5. How to start a car.

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Satire Topics Writing Chart: Top 30 Fascinating Ideas to Develop

February 21st, 2012

satire-topicsSatire Topics Writing: Suggesting a Winning, Innovative Approach
Now let’s see what troubles you (Picture 1)… Let’s switch on the telepathic powers… “How to come up with a topic for essay?” – is that what you’re thinking about right now?
No wonder – most students of your age do. And there are some tips that will definitely help you pass this ordeal with flying colors and get your topic for an essay. Let’s plunge right into the art of creating satire topics to write about!
Satire Topics Writing: When Great Imagination Matters the Most.
First, let’s deal with a couple of important tips. Do you think it is enough to have merely some inspiration to come up with topics for an essay on a satirical issue? Well, let’s not waste any time and dive into the realm of satire!

  • Use your sense of humor;
  • Apply the most scholarly language;
  • Let your paper ooze common sense.

Well, it seems that you’re fully equipped to learn how topics for essays are created… It’s time to find some satire topic – write a splendid essay on the issue. Here are the top 30 ideas for your satire topics!
Satire Topics: Examples. Generating Incredible Ideas for Papers.
Whenever you deal with satire issues, whether searching for topics for an essay or developing one of those fantastic research paper topics, remember that you can create a perfect topic even out of the least favorable idea. “Well, where are my topics for essay?” you will ask…
Remember – the more absurd you sound, the better! Let’s see some examples of topics on satire – both the satire topics 2011 and the ones for 2012! Watch the professionals deal with the difficulties – here are satire topic ideas for you!

  1. Overpopulation: Follow the Methods of Sparta;
  2. Gang Violence: Starting Vengeance on the Opponents;
  3. XXI Century Power Supplies: Back to Carts and Horses;
  4. Drunken Activities: Joyriding Across the World;
  5. Against Football Hooligans: Make Watching Football Illegal!
  6. Fight the Illegal Rave: Banning Every Single Drug from Every Drugstore;
  7. When Graves Are Overcrowded: Calling People to Life with Voodoo;
  8. Against Racism in Society: Sending All Racists to Antarctica;
  9. Incurable Criminals: Amnesty. Letting the Terminally Ill Go;
  10. On Illegal Immigration: Why not Using Illegal Immigrants as Free Workforce;
  11. Obesity Problem: Distribute Food According to Body Weight!
  12. Let Everyone Say Whatever They Want! Freedom of Speech to the Power of 10;
  13. For Those Who Are Concerned about Money: Eliminate the Currency!
  14. When the Government Makes Mistakes. from Minister to Janitor;
  15. Annoying Advertisements: Bigger, Brighter, More Menacing!
  16. Dealing with Workplace Conflicts: Start the Who-Shouts-the-Loudest Competition;
  17. Prohibiting Abortions. The More Children, the Better… Use Them as Workforce;
  18. Let’s Avoid Global Warming… Stop Using Cars – They Pollute the Air;
  19. Putting a Stop to Social Prejudice: Introduce Equal Salaries;
  20. Stop TV Commercials… by Cutting off the Broadcasting;
  21. Why Bringing a Child Up? Journals and TV Shows as Perfect Babysitters;
  22. Work Versus Family: Toss a Coin to Make Your Choice;
  23. If There Are no Terrorists, There Is no Terrorism: Start the Battle;
  24. Celebrity Hoaxes. Make Fans Interested – Claim That You’re a Raccoon;
  25. Mass Media: Believe Everything They Say, Become a Chip of the Puzzle;
  26. Fast Food: Have You Reached Your Lucky Cholesterol Level Already?
  27. Teen Spirit: Growing Pains as Your Source of Wits;
  28. Why the Voting Turmoil? Putting a Tick Next to the Candidate with the Widest Smile;
  29. Go on with Your Career – Leave the Children with Uncle Television!

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Help Books: How Students Can Use Them Effectively

February 14th, 2012

help-booksThe role of help books is often misunderstood by students. Some of them believe that they are utterly useless, while others think that these books can give answers to each of their questions. Overall, such books can be of great interest to people who have just started their college or university studies. If you want to learn more about citation styles, paper formats, or argumentation, you can surely read one or two of such books. Moreover, people who want to improve their learning style can also benefit from them.
Help Books: Academic Writing and Its Principles
If you have already written many essays or research papers, such books will not be of great help to you. Yet, people who are not very skilled in academic writing can learn a great deal from help books. For example, one can learn about the following issues:

  • The structure of various assignments such as formal letters, reports, articles, essays, research papers, and so forth;
  • The differences between citation styles like Harvard, APA, Chicago or MLA;
  • The rules of academic writing and principles of argumentation.

So, these books can help you write better essays, reports, or term papers. People who don’t know much about bibliography formats or in-text citations can search for information in such books. Yet, you cannot expect help books to offer ready-made answers. In some cases, it will be necessary to look for more information on the Web. One should remember that citation styles are often modified or revised, and the examples given in help books can be out-of-date.
Help Books: Taking Exams and Tests
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Essay about Art Ideas to Highlight your Creative Skills

February 1st, 2012

An essay about art can seem too general of a topic to write an effective essay. Therefore, essays about art can take several forms that are more specific. The art student might choose to compare different forms of artistic expression and argue why one form of expression represents a more authentic form of art than the other.
Art essays might also attempt to determine the nature of art itself, although this route will ultimately result in a subjective essay. Essays about art must not lose sight of their theoretical underpinning. If your professor has asked you to write an essay about art, consider the following ideas for inspiration.
Write an art essay about the prevailing difference in critical reception between visual art and sound art. Reference the early works of sound artists such as Alvin Lucier, Max Neuhaus, and La Monte Young as well as the later works of sound artists such as Susan Philipsz and Janet Cardiff. Discuss the idea that the existing artistic theoretical models cannot adequately analyze or theorize sound art because they have been developed exclusively to serve textual and visual forms of artistic expression; thus they are not capable of properly accounting for the distinct nature of sound art.
Write an essay about the difference between representational and abstract art and demonstrate sound theoretical theses that prove why one or the other is true art while the other is a fraud. Reference famous examples of representational art such as the Mona Lisa and Starry Night and famous examples of abstract art such as Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollack.
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Essays on finance Address a Single Issue in Traditional Format

January 18th, 2012

Although essays on finance are not assigned by all professors, this is nonetheless a type of paper worth mastering, if only because there are some lucrative contests worldwide in this subject area. All the rules of traditional exposition apply to an essay on finance: focus, length, organization, structure.
In addition, try to raise or answer a question with practical application in the marketplace of ideas. Let’s consider how to format such papers, and where to look for examples of effective essays in Finance.
Your professor will doubtless lay out expectations, usually in your syllabus, for the format details of your essay.
The goal of all this picky emphasis on:

  • margin size,
  • paper variety/file format
  • typeface,
  • location of your name,
  • instructor,
  • section,
  • year,
  • semester
  • possibly even the college name
  • title in specified format
  • headers,
  • whatever else the professor wants to specify

is actually for your benefit. The professor wants to make sure that his/her assessment of your essay on Finance is not affected by some idiosyncrasy of your choice of formatting.

  1. He/she wants to make sure that if the paper comes to pieces in a rain storm; all the pages can be re-collated into a complete package.
  2. He/she wants to be able to locate it. Have you ever seen the average professor’s desk? The more identifierson the paper, the better the chance of finding it in that avalanche of material. Be assured: having your paper lost is a major, life-changing disaster!
  3. He/she does not want to be affected by personal animus or appeal of one student over another.
  4. He/she wants to plow through these Finance essays as painlessly as humanly possible.

So follow the prof’s rules! Failing that, these are safe selections for your essay on finance in:

  • black ink on white background,
  • one inch margins,
  • double-spacing,
  • a standard font such as Times New Roman or Arial in 11 or 12.

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Descriptive Essay Topics: A Chance to Write about Anything

January 5th, 2012

Choosing topics for a descriptive essay seems to be very easy, as they allow appealing to any sphere of life a person finds interesting. However, there is a strange paradox: when a person gets an opportunity to choose among several appropriate variants, he or she gets lost.
The same happens in case with descriptive essay topics: the more topics there are, the harder it is to pick one. In any case, we tried our best to provide you with the most suitable options for finding a good topic for your paper.

  1. Think of your warmest memories. Are they connected to your family, the house you lived in, or to the food your mom cooked you when you were a child? Anything that comes to your mind will work. Think of the things that awake pleasant memories in you, and try to recall every detail. In case you succeed in it, all you will have to do next is simply writing it all on the paper.
  2. Think of your plans for the future. Try to describe them in details to the readers, showing all the advantages of your vision. This will allow you choosing a descriptive essay topic similar to the following:
    • My Dream Work
    • My Future Family
    • The House I Will Live in
  3. Think of the academic writings you are good at. A good idea for a descriptive essay topic would be to write a very detailed plan of composing a certain paper. To be more specific, such topics for a descriptive essay could sound like:
    • Exemplification essay writing
    • Term paper format
    • Course paper requirements
    • Dissertation format
    • Thesis writing
  4. Think of the field of science you are interested in. It could also serve as a good source for your descriptive essay topic. For instance, if you are interested in psychology, the good topics for you include:
    • Emotions control
    • Kinds of character
    • Memory and forgetting
    • Perfectionism
    • History of psychology

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Zoot Suit Essay: The Latest Fashion, Bad Taste or Rebel?

December 21st, 2011

Sometimes teachers are very inventive when it deals with writing tasks. For instance, some young people become frustrated when they get the task to write zoot suit essay.
In fact, there is no reason for such negative emotions. There plenty of topics for your paper.

  1. In your zoot suit essay you may try to define what the etymology of the word “zoot” is. Is it mispronunciation? Perhaps, there is some other meaning in this word?
  2. It is also possible to explain what the zoot suit is in your zoot suit essay.
  3. It can be interesting to include in your zoot suit essay some opinions as for the comfort of this clothing. Was it cozy at all?
  4. In your zoot suit essay you can consider the history of this clothing creation? Who designed it? You can mention Louis Lettes in your zoot suit essay.
  5. It can be very interesting to consider the historic events which could cause these suits creation. What was fashionable at those times? Were zoot suits popular?
  6. Your zoot suit essay can focus on those who wore such cloth. Did they want to be different? Was it some kind of rebel against something?
  7. Your zoot suit essay can be concerned with the public reaction. What did Americans think about these suits?
  8. If you like watching cartoons, you may consider some of them in terms of your zoot suit essay. For examples, a lot of Tom and Jerry series employ the image of such suits. What effect does it cause?
  9. Apart from cartoons you may analyze many old movies where men in such suits appear.

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Religion Term Papers: Comparative Analysis of Doctrines

December 15th, 2011

Analysis of world’s main doctrines
Despite the popularity of materialistic and atheistic theories, the contemporary level of people’s piety is rather high. Most present day philosophers admit the importance of non-material dimension of life. Working on religion term papers, learners should estimate the influence of religious norms on the life of the society.
The fact is that religious studies are an integral part of cultural and historical context. Religion term papers require a comprehensive analysis of relations between church and state. Students need to analyze the main world’s doctrines, compare and contrast their main propositions.
Whatever their own beliefs are, learners need to be objective working on their religion term papers. Knowledge of various religion studies is an integral part of person’s erudition. Data concerning world’s main religion doctrines might be used in research papers in other fields of study. Hard work on religion term papers helps to raise the learners’ awareness concerning the spiritual dimension of life in various countries.
Tips for writing religion term papers
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