What Is a Cover Letter? A Vital Document Attached to Resumes

July 27th, 2012

A cover letter is a vital part of your application message. It is the first thing your potential employers will see. If they do not like it, HR managers won’t bother to actually read your resume. So, let’s look at the information below to learn what a cover letter is and how to make it perfect to prevent fatal errors during job search.

What is a cover letter and why to write it?

A cover letter is a message attached to resumes and curriculum vitae (CVs) by job seekers. The main reasons for writing a cover letter are:

  • To introduce yourself.
  • To inform your reader why you are writing (what position you are applying for). Do not make your readers guess your reason for writing.
  • To briefly discuss your main strengths (competencies, skills and experience).
  • To show that you have done your homework (you know the main facts about the industry and company).
  • To invite the employer to read your resume and contact you.

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How to Start a College Essay: Quick Guide to Perfect Writing

April 3rd, 2012

how-to-start-a-college-essayDo you have difficulties with beginning your college essays? Are you sitting for several hours with your computer screen blank and not knowing where to start? Stop torturing yourself and look through this quick guide on how to start a college essay. These effective steps will help you overcome the writer’s block and make your essays flawless and just perfect.

How to start a college essay: your main goals

The opening paragraph plays a crucial role in all college essays. When you want to begin college essays, your main goals are:

  • attract your readers’ attention;
  • introduce the readers to the main ideas you are going to present;
  • provide a thesis statement (a concise summary of your essay in just one sentence).

Remember that all readers judge too quickly. A poor introductory paragraph will spoil the readers’ impression of the entire paper. For this reason, you should put your heart and soul into the introduction part to ensure the success of your essays.

How to start a college essay: best steps

Now you perhaps wonder how to begin college essays. It is a good question to ask. Here are the best steps that can become the perfect start to a perfect paper:

  1. Check the guidelines provided by instructors. Never start writing a college essay before you fully understand the task and requirements.
  2. Choose a good topic for your paper. Make it narrow and manageable. If you need to write an admission essay, you should choose story lines, personal experiences, qualities or motivations you are going to discuss.
  3. Collect the necessary materials. Review the relevant literature if necessary.
  4. Brainstorm the chosen topic. Develop as many ideas as you can and write them down. Do not think about the quality of these ideas now. Think about their quality later.
  5. Plan your essay. Create a detailed outline. Include a thesis statement as part of your outline.
  6. Now you are welcome to extend your outline and write a high quality essay.

How to start a college essay: truly good ideas

Even after taking the above-mentioned steps, you may have problems with writing the first few sentences of your introductory paragraphs. Here are some good ideas for you:
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Writing a Reaction Paper: Fascinating Ways to Express Your Ideas

March 28th, 2012

writing-a-reaction-paperHallelujah!
 
The time to express your own opinion has come!
 
That’s what writing a reaction paper is all about. Relax, enjoy the event or artwork, and get ready to offer your idea of what you’ve just seen!

Writing a Reaction Paper: Remember All the Crucial Constituents!

Pick three words to describe analytical paper writing?
 
Boring, tedious, uninspiring.
 
Now pick three words to describe reaction paper writing!
 
Splendid, fantastic, engaging, fruitful, enticing, thrilling… Whoa, hold it! There’s definitely that certain something about this kind of writing…
 
Now let’s see what this paper is made of!
 
Let’s take a close look at these elements:

    The Summary

    • Who/what are you writing about?
    • What is the main theme?
    • What are the main facts?

    The Analysis

    • What is your opinion about the issue?
    • What are your key arguments?
    • What is the conflict?
    • What are the probable solutions?

    The Reaction

    • How do you feel about the issue in question?
    • Do you think that the author is right?
    • What ideas would you like to share?

Well, that was great, and how about tips and how-tos?
 
Hold on a second – that’s going to be a bit different from what online surfers call a “how to an essay” and “how to a research paper” guides. Let’s dive right into it!

Writing a Reaction Paper and Other Works: Important Differences.

Here’s a clue for you: check this table! It’ll definitely help you understand everything about writing an essay, what to write in a report, what a research paper is, how to write a paper of any other sort. What’s more, you’ll understand the difference between reaction paper writing and other genres!
 
Type of Assignment
 

How an essay is made How research paper is made How a report is made How a reaction paper is made
Elements
  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Analysis/ Description;
  • Conclusion.
  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Facts and hypotheses;
  • Analysis;
  • Results;
  • Conclusion.
  • Introduction;
  • Summary;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Key facts;
  • Main results;
  • Comments;
  • Conclusion.
  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement;
  • Key facts;
  • Impressions;
  • Ideas;
  • Conclusion.
Differences
Usually has a 5-paragraph structure. Demands conducting original research and getting unique results.Does not require a personal opinion. Includes the writer’s impressions about something.
Specifics
… can have a specific purpose (description, comparison, analysis, etc.). … is based on a solid theoretical foundation. … provides the summary of certain events/ results. … involves your personal impressions about a certain issue.

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Education in Africa: Problems, Solutions, Statistics: Read Now!

March 20th, 2012

education-in-AfricaGet ready for a travel to the exotic world! This time, you’re heading straight to Africa!
 
“Writing about education in Africa? No way, that’s hard and boring!” some might say. It’s time to bust this myth: “Writing about the place of Africa in education system of the world is fun!” experts in writing will say. And here’s some solid proof for that!
 
“What is education, then?” you will ask.
 
“Education is the process of acquiring knowledge.” And, now that you know everything you need, let’s start. Ready, steady… Go!

Education in Africa: Everything That You’ve Ever Wanted to Know.

Now let’s dive right into the African oasis and learn what’s going on in African schools right now.
 Whenever you search for “education in Africa statistics” online, remember these hints:
 
Education in Africa Today
 

Type of education What’s up: However…
General
  • Solid improvements are being observed;
  • Development is boosted;
  • Children learn essential subjects.
  • Girls still don’t have many chances to be educated;
  • Schools lack numerous facilities.
Developed thanks to political and cultural innovations;
Suggestions for educational games
Further
  • Students’ rates increased from 40% to 60,6%;
  • Students get professional skills;
  • Students train their new skills and learn how to apply them.
  • Still needs great improvement;
  • Needs much financing;
  • Needs more professional teachers.
Blade Nzimande (Training Minister) promises to boost further education progress.
Higher
  • Scholars can study for up to doctorate degrees and then pursue further careers in research or industry;
  • Scholars can conduct research on a larger scale.
  • Most of the required equipment for adult education is still missing;
  • There’s very little coordination with Europe and the international community.
Association of African Universities bridges Europe, USA and Africa.

That’s how it goes – split the search term “education in Africa facts” in pieces and arrange them to get a perfect paper on Africa and education in Africa!

Education in Africa: Topical Problems and Concerns to Research.

Now that you’re done learning about recent improvements, let’s see what keeps the education in Africa in general and education in South Africa in particular in the rear. Mention these issues in your paper!
Actually, education issues in Africa remind a lot the famous nursery rhyme, This Is the House That Jack Built. Check this diagram:
 
To put it simpler:
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Content Analysis: A Quick Guide to Powerful Methodology

March 14th, 2012

content-analysisThe words ‘content analysis’ sound as frightening as music in horror films. However, looking through this quick guide to the content analysis method, you will be armed to the teeth. The words ‘content analysis’ will become clear and familiar and will not make you shiver anymore.

Content Analysis Definition

What is content analysis? Content analysis is a method of studying communication and finding the tools used by the authors to convey their messages to the audience. You can analyze all sorts of communication, including not only written texts, but also artworks, TV and radio records, oral communication, websites, advertisements.
 
Note: You should not confuse content analysis with summary or review. Content analysis does not mean retelling or reinterpreting something. It means separating important parts of the content and explaining how they work together. In other words, it does not mean taking photos, it means taking to pieces.

Content Analysis: Proven Formula

The proven formula of content analysis consists of the following elements: WHO says WHAT to WHOM? WHY? HOW? To WHAT EFFECTS? To answer these questions, you should look for evidence in the communication you analyze. Certain words, phrases, constructions, contours, shapes, symbols and other elements can be used as evidence.
 
Note: Applying content analysis to Shakespeare’s works, some scholars argue that it was not William Shakespeare who wrote Romeo and Juliet and other masterpieces traditionally attributed to him. So, finding certain words and constructions in these tragedies, scholars make assumptions as to WHO says WHAT.
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Short Story Prompts and Guidelines from Professionals in Writing

March 6th, 2012

short-story-promptsShort Story Prompts Collection: Some Professional Assistance.
 
Need help with short story writing? Welcome to the place where you’ll get expert help! There are only a few steps in writing a short story, which you’ll have to take. Here are the most important writing ideas:

  • Choose the theme of your story to write on;
  • Create the setting for your writing;
  • Develop a three-dimensional character;
  • Place your character in an appropriate time context.

 
See? That was really simple. And now let’s deal with story writing a bit more in detail.
 
Short Story Prompts Suggestion: the Most Comprehensive List Ever
 
Well, if you are up to some creativity, take a look at these prompts for a short story!
 
Short story prompts for kids:

  1. Pick a character that you want to write about;
  2. Think of the most fantastic adventure you’d like to send your character on;
  3. Describe the place where the character travels to/stays in;
  4. Tell whom the character met on his/her way;
  5. Say what the character did or did not do;
  6. Say why the character did this or that and describe his/her feelings;
  7. Quote what your character said;
  8. Tell the readers what your character thought about;
  9. Explain what your character learned at the end of the trip;
  10. Give a hint to the readers about what might happen further on.

With these writing prompts, you can be sure you’ll get to the top!
 
Short story prompts for middle school writing:

  • Avoid the standard five-paragraph structure;
  • Include dialogues in your paper to make it more lively;
  • Introduce no more than three characters in your short story;
  • Try avoiding widespread standards;
  • Create an unclichéd world of your own – do not follow overused patterns;
  • Use hints instead of boring moralizing sessions – treat your readers as wise people;
  • Use specific language to add to the atmosphere of your story;
  • Make the reader interested in your story;
  • Use details to add to the specific air of your “virtual reality.”

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Process Essay Topics: On a Quest for Fresh and Clever Ideas

February 28th, 2012

topics-for-process-essayA good process essay has to describe how a certain task should be done, step by step. This type of paper is not particularly difficult if you have chosen an interesting question that is more or less familiar to you. People who are looking for great process essay topics should definitely read this article.
 
Process Essay Topics: Coping with Challenging Tasks
 
If you want to write a good process essay, you can choose an interesting or challenging task and explain how one can do it. You may take a look at some of these questions and prompts:

  1. How can a person quit smoking?
  2. How to train a dog.
  3. Explain how artificial respiration should be done.
  4. How to solve quadratic equations.
  5. How to use Boolean operators.
  6. How to cook a great pizza.
  7. How to wash a horse without risking one’s health.
  8. How can one babysit a child without having a nervous breakdown?
  9. Explain how an HTML page can be created.
  10. How to overcome anxiety during tests or exams.
  11. How to write a great resume.
  12. How to produce a good impression during a job interview?
  13. How to create a pie diagram.
  14. How to open a bottle of champagne without injuring someone else.

 
Process Essay Topics: How Technologies Work
 
People who struggle to find a good process essay topic can describe how a certain technology or device works. Such questions are quite interesting, but you should make sure that your paper is not overly complicated. Here are some examples of good topics:

  1. Explain how a digital camera operates.
  2. Describe how a touch screen works.
  3. How does a bicycle work?
  4. How does a computer mouse operate?
  5. How to start a car.

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Satire Topics Writing Chart: Top 30 Fascinating Ideas to Develop

February 21st, 2012

satire-topicsSatire Topics Writing: Suggesting a Winning, Innovative Approach
 
Now let’s see what troubles you (Picture 1)… Let’s switch on the telepathic powers… “How to come up with a topic for essay?” – is that what you’re thinking about right now?
 
No wonder – most students of your age do. And there are some tips that will definitely help you pass this ordeal with flying colors and get your topic for an essay. Let’s plunge right into the art of creating satire topics to write about!
 
Satire Topics Writing: When Great Imagination Matters the Most.
 
First, let’s deal with a couple of important tips. Do you think it is enough to have merely some inspiration to come up with topics for an essay on a satirical issue? Well, let’s not waste any time and dive into the realm of satire!

  • Use your sense of humor;
  • Apply the most scholarly language;
  • Let your paper ooze common sense.

Well, it seems that you’re fully equipped to learn how topics for essays are created… It’s time to find some satire topic – write a splendid essay on the issue. Here are the top 30 ideas for your satire topics!
 
Satire Topics: Examples. Generating Incredible Ideas for Papers.
 
Whenever you deal with satire issues, whether searching for topics for an essay or developing one of those fantastic research paper topics, remember that you can create a perfect topic even out of the least favorable idea. “Well, where are my topics for essay?” you will ask…
 
Remember – the more absurd you sound, the better! Let’s see some examples of topics on satire – both the satire topics 2011 and the ones for 2012! Watch the professionals deal with the difficulties – here are satire topic ideas for you!

  1. Overpopulation: Follow the Methods of Sparta;
  2. Gang Violence: Starting Vengeance on the Opponents;
  3. XXI Century Power Supplies: Back to Carts and Horses;
  4. Drunken Activities: Joyriding Across the World;
  5. Against Football Hooligans: Make Watching Football Illegal!
  6. Fight the Illegal Rave: Banning Every Single Drug from Every Drugstore;
  7. When Graves Are Overcrowded: Calling People to Life with Voodoo;
  8. Against Racism in Society: Sending All Racists to Antarctica;
  9. Incurable Criminals: Amnesty. Letting the Terminally Ill Go;
  10. On Illegal Immigration: Why not Using Illegal Immigrants as Free Workforce;
  11. Obesity Problem: Distribute Food According to Body Weight!
  12. Let Everyone Say Whatever They Want! Freedom of Speech to the Power of 10;
  13. For Those Who Are Concerned about Money: Eliminate the Currency!
  14. When the Government Makes Mistakes. from Minister to Janitor;
  15. Annoying Advertisements: Bigger, Brighter, More Menacing!
  16. Dealing with Workplace Conflicts: Start the Who-Shouts-the-Loudest Competition;
  17. Prohibiting Abortions. The More Children, the Better… Use Them as Workforce;
  18. Let’s Avoid Global Warming… Stop Using Cars – They Pollute the Air;
  19. Putting a Stop to Social Prejudice: Introduce Equal Salaries;
  20. Stop TV Commercials… by Cutting off the Broadcasting;
  21. Why Bringing a Child Up? Journals and TV Shows as Perfect Babysitters;
  22. Work Versus Family: Toss a Coin to Make Your Choice;
  23. If There Are no Terrorists, There Is no Terrorism: Start the Battle;
  24. Celebrity Hoaxes. Make Fans Interested – Claim That You’re a Raccoon;
  25. Mass Media: Believe Everything They Say, Become a Chip of the Puzzle;
  26. Fast Food: Have You Reached Your Lucky Cholesterol Level Already?
  27. Teen Spirit: Growing Pains as Your Source of Wits;
  28. Why the Voting Turmoil? Putting a Tick Next to the Candidate with the Widest Smile;
  29. Go on with Your Career – Leave the Children with Uncle Television!

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Help Books: How Students Can Use Them Effectively

February 14th, 2012

help-booksThe role of help books is often misunderstood by students. Some of them believe that they are utterly useless, while others think that these books can give answers to each of their questions. Overall, such books can be of great interest to people who have just started their college or university studies. If you want to learn more about citation styles, paper formats, or argumentation, you can surely read one or two of such books. Moreover, people who want to improve their learning style can also benefit from them.
 
Help Books: Academic Writing and Its Principles
 
If you have already written many essays or research papers, such books will not be of great help to you. Yet, people who are not very skilled in academic writing can learn a great deal from help books. For example, one can learn about the following issues:

  • The structure of various assignments such as formal letters, reports, articles, essays, research papers, and so forth;
  • The differences between citation styles like Harvard, APA, Chicago or MLA;
  • The rules of academic writing and principles of argumentation.

So, these books can help you write better essays, reports, or term papers. People who don’t know much about bibliography formats or in-text citations can search for information in such books. Yet, you cannot expect help books to offer ready-made answers. In some cases, it will be necessary to look for more information on the Web. One should remember that citation styles are often modified or revised, and the examples given in help books can be out-of-date.
 
Help Books: Taking Exams and Tests
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Essay about Art Ideas to Highlight your Creative Skills

February 1st, 2012

An essay about art can seem too general of a topic to write an effective essay. Therefore, essays about art can take several forms that are more specific. The art student might choose to compare different forms of artistic expression and argue why one form of expression represents a more authentic form of art than the other.
 
Art essays might also attempt to determine the nature of art itself, although this route will ultimately result in a subjective essay. Essays about art must not lose sight of their theoretical underpinning. If your professor has asked you to write an essay about art, consider the following ideas for inspiration.
 
Write an art essay about the prevailing difference in critical reception between visual art and sound art. Reference the early works of sound artists such as Alvin Lucier, Max Neuhaus, and La Monte Young as well as the later works of sound artists such as Susan Philipsz and Janet Cardiff. Discuss the idea that the existing artistic theoretical models cannot adequately analyze or theorize sound art because they have been developed exclusively to serve textual and visual forms of artistic expression; thus they are not capable of properly accounting for the distinct nature of sound art.
 
Write an essay about the difference between representational and abstract art and demonstrate sound theoretical theses that prove why one or the other is true art while the other is a fraud. Reference famous examples of representational art such as the Mona Lisa and Starry Night and famous examples of abstract art such as Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollack.
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